What is bitumen? – Concept, types and uses of bitumen

Bitumen or bitumen is a viscous and thick substance, black in color, which is found naturally on earth thanks to oil. It is used as a construction material, for paving roads, for the construction of modern infrastructure, etc.

Without it, it would not be possible to build roads, bridges and carry out major construction projects that serve to connect people and places. As the demand for infrastructure grows worldwidethe importance of bitumen and its role in construction continues to increase.

Concept and definition of bitumen

Bitumen is a highly demanded item in the field of construction and maintenance of communication routes. It is a viscous and sticky substance that is used to coat surfaces and protect them from wear caused by the weather and vehicular traffic. shoe polish is obtained from crude oil and undergoes a refining process in which unwanted components, both water and sediment, are removed.

It originates from the decomposition of organic remains of plants and animals that settle to the bottom of bodies of water, such as lakes and oceans. As time passes, pressure and temperature convert these organic remains into liquid compounds. and gaseous hydrocarbons, including crude oil.

The result is a thick, black substance that is used as a base for the manufacture of numerous products, such as paving, bituminous emulsions and paints. Likewise, it is placed hot or cold, depending on the purpose for which it is used. In the case of roads, it is applied at high temperatures and guarantees good adhesion to the surface and greater durability.

There are two main types of bitumen: the natural and the mineral. It is located in natural deposits of crude oil and is obtained by drilling and mining methods analogous to those used to purchase fuel. This bitumen is common and is known as asphalt, since it is made up of a mixture of complex hydrocarbons with some impurities.

What is natural bitumen?

Natural bitumen, also known as natural asphalt or natural bitumen, is a sticky, viscous material found in underground deposits in various parts of the world. It is a product of the decomposition of organic matter, such as plants and animals, that have accumulated over millions of years on earth.

Natural bitumen is widely used in road construction, airport runways, roofs and other commercial and industrial applications due to its ability to form a thick film and adhere to surfaces.

What is mineral bitumen?

The term ‘mineral bitumen’ refers to a type of bitumen that is obtained from natural petroleum deposits and is used for the production of asphalt. It is a viscous and sticky material that is in a liquid state under conditions of high temperature and pressure in the subsoil, but HE solidifies at room temperature.

mineral bitumen It is an important source of hydrocarbons and is used in road construction, roof waterproofing, and other industrial products, among other applications. It is important to note that the term ‘mineral bitumen’ does not refer to the same material as ‘natural bitumen’ or natural asphalt, which is a product of the decomposition of organic matter.

What is waterproofing bitumen?

Waterproofing bitumen is a kind of material used in construction to protect surfaces from moisture and water. This component is characterized by its high strength and durability, making it a popular choice among construction professionals. It is an element that is obtained from the distillation of crude oil.

It is a viscous substance, black in color, that is used in different applications, including both road paving and roof coating and protection of surfaces from corrosion. Waterproofing is an essential process in construction, as it helps protect the space from moisture and water, which in turn prevents the growth of mold and mildew, thereby preventing long-term structural damage.

Bitumen of this class is used in different applications, such as covering roofs, terraces, walls or foundations. Is a excellent option to protect surfaces from rain, snow and wind, also from sunlight and heat. In addition, it comes in different forms, in sheets, membranes and paints, and each of these forms has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it is important to choose the right one. suitable option on a specific project.

The sheets are highly resistant to weathering and UV exposure, which makes them ideal for use in areas with extreme climates. bitumen membranes They are another type of product used in waterproofing. These are applied in layers on the surface to be protected, creating a waterproof barrier that protects the structure from moisture and water.

Bitumen paint is a cheapest and easiest option to apply. It is used on walls, ceilings and foundations to protect them from moisture and water, however it is not as durable as sheets, membranes and may require regular care.

What is bitumen used for?

Bitumen is used in various commercial applications and industrial, including:

  • Construction of roads, airport runways and other infrastructures: Used to create a durable, wear and water resistant surface.
  • roofing coating: Used as a waterproofing material and to protect the structure against the elements.
  • Production of asphalt materials: It is used as a key ingredient in the production of asphalt, which is used in manufacturing of various products, such as paints, sealants, adhesives, among others.
  • Construction Industry: It is used as an adhesion material in the union of different materials, such as stone, masonry and concrete.
  • Energetic industry: It is used in the production of liquid fuels and as a thermal insulation material in pipes and tanks.

Bitumen is a versatile and essential material in a wide range of commercial and industrial applications.

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