What is educational planning? – All you need to know

In order to achieve the success and quality In education, it is necessary to plan each of the activities to be accomplished based on the goals. This post shows explicitly everything you need to know about the educational planning. So come and find out with us.

What is educational planning for?

  • It is responsible for defining the aims, objectives, and goals of education.
  • It allows you to specify what to do, how to execute it, with what resources and in what time.
  • It is a tool used by the teacher to manage the teaching process.
  • serves as guide in activities put into practice in different courses.
  • It allows to anticipate the elements of the teaching task.
  • Facilitates learning.
  • This tool is useful for making decisions in advance regarding the resources that are going to be used and the activities that will be done in class, which will allow the objectives to be achieved.
  • Through educational planning, meaning can be given to practice. These steps, though small, will help to achieve goals bigger.

Importance of educational planning

Its importance lies in that allows to organize, in a coherent way, the work in the classroom, which makes the construction of knowledge effective.

  • help plot the learning path, and facilitates the achievement of objectives.
  • is the guide that allows the teacher to masterfully conduct the pedagogical activities of the courses.
  • Reduces the level of uncertainty to the extent that he anticipates what will happen in the classroom.
  • Avoid wasting time since each moment of the class is structured (beginning, development and closing).
  • Ease of administration of resources optimally.
  • Allows prioritizing activities or tasks.
  • Promotes the process evaluation based on the achievement of the required competencies.

What are the elements of educational planning?

In teaching planning, the teacher considers some elements that allow him to organize his activity. These are:

  • the foundation. Briefly explain what will be done and point out the lessons to be learned. For example, the student will examine the phases of the scientific method. That is, the scope of the class is defined, the contents and goals are selected. Then the articulation with other courses is indicated along with the learning objectives, which can be general or specific. Then it indicates what the students are expected to achieve. From all this are derived the activities to be carried out.
  • The content. They are the set of knowledge that will be studied in class and are essential for the formation of the student. They are selected according to their priority, as well as the training proposal of the courses. In the same way, it contemplates the articulation between the learning areas.
  • The resources. They are the materials that are used to carry out the educational praxis. They can be reading books, theses, drawings, slides, even laboratory supplies that allow the scientific method to be applied. These elements support the teacher’s explanation, making the class more dynamic and stimulating student motivation.
  • Methodology. It is the set of strategies that are indicated in the planning to carry out the educational praxis. The most used are reading material, workshops, seminars, practical work where the scientific method is applied. Guided tours, thesis preparation, among others, are also carried out. To define the strategies, the objective to be achieved, the teaching style of the teacher, the resources available, the time available and the type of learning of the students are addressed.
  • The evaluation. It is a tool that accounts for the achievements and difficulties presented by students, in order to improve the training process and help decision-making. There is a range of evaluation instruments that can be used, so they are selected based on the objectives.
  • Bibliography. They are texts that give the theoretical basis to the topics of study. There are basic reading books and additional ones.

How to do educational planning?

Educational planning is carried out through the following steps:

  • Diagnosis. It allows detecting the needs of students, facilitates planning and makes it more objective.
  • ID. Once the characteristics and demands of the students have been specified, the goals and activities that allow their achievement are set. It is important to take into account the mission of the school, the resources available and the opinion of the participants.
  • Programming. Capture in a document what is going to be done, stating: Why will it be done? So that? How will the achievements be carried out and evaluated? Who will do it? With what resources? In what time?
  • Run the action. The planned is developed, taking care of the possible unforeseen events that arise.
  • Assessment. It allows to measure the achievements, and thus know if the required competencies have been achieved. In general, it gives lights to improve planning.


Educational success depends to a large extent on making a good diagnosis. This allows to know the characteristics of the students, their attitudes and aptitudes, as well as their training needs. It consists of analyzing the quality of education in order to make decisions and plan interventions. This process begins with the collection of relevant data, which is analyzed to propose the solutions that are warranted.

Diagnosis is the starting point and is preventive, since, by revealing possible difficulties, they can be corrected. In addition, it allows the teacher to think about his own praxis in order to improve your work and adapt teaching.

Evaluation of the previous period

Evaluating the previous period is vital in the administration of education to measure achievements and failures. This makes it easy to implement New strategies, which must be designed according to the needs found. Likewise, it serves to take into account whether the resources are effective or not.

This assessment is the diagnosis from which the next period starts and covers the educational context in general. So plans, programs, materials, strategies should be reviewed. The breakthroughs or failures from the previous stage are the reference for decision-making. With this in mind, it is possible to know if what was planned in the past gave the expected results, in order to maintain the plan or modify it.

strategic path

The strategic route is a planning tool that allows a study of the internal and external factors of the institution in order to establish what the school wants to achieve in the medium and long term. So you can anticipate changes through a process of continuous improvement.

This tool seeks to optimize the quality of the educational service and the learning results. Therefore, it has support in the shared leadership, teamwork and strategic planning.

Other elements to take into account in this form of planning is the mission and vision for the future. Like the values ​​shared by the staff and the resources that the institution has. For this reason, the actions to be carried out in the short, medium and long term are observed, together with the evaluation of the processes. In general, this strategic management also implies student-centered decision-making.


corresponds to a administrative document that contains the teaching hours that must be completed in a course or a school year. Its function is to serve as a guide and inform the academic community of the schedule to follow, as well as the number of study hours. This distribution can be given bimonthly, quarterly, semi-annually or annually as determined by the competent governing body.

The school calendar varies from one community to another, generally consisting of 37 to 38 school weeks; in primary and secondary school. The start and end time varies from country to country.

In the schedule set the start date, holidays, vacations and culmination. In the same way, the activities to be carried out are specified.

Distribution of responsibilities

The shared responsibility between the members of the educational context is of great importance because it implies a joint work. school leaders they are responsible of distributing tasks and delegating functions so that everyone gets involved in favor of quality education.

Parents and guardians must interact with teachers to transmit norms and values. In this sense, at home the work of the classroom is reinforced. Education ceases to be an isolated space to become a collaborative meeting, where the student is favored. This thesis is based on the fact that the home is the child’s first school.

In the same way, the school institution must be welcomed in the community, since it is part of it. Therefore, they must work together. This is achieved through dialogue, collaboration and compromise.

Types and structure of educational plans

Educational plans refer to all ways of organizing the educational environment, from senior management to lesson plans. The latter is an instrument that allows to organize with mastery the teaching work. This plan is structured so that each element is articulated. In this way, it present the objectives or goals What are the behaviors that the student is expected to develop?

In addition to the contents, the plan must include the strategies that allow the construction of learning and the evaluation to measure progress. In the same way, the teacher must consider the competences and indicators of achievement, procedures, as well as the resources they have.

There are several types of educational plans:

  • Annual operating plan (POA). It reflects all the activities that will be carried out during the school year, as well as the goals of the center, in addition, it includes the resources and those responsible for carrying out the tasks. This plan is prepared in conjunction with the directors, department heads and other members of the teaching staff.
  • Center educational project (PEC). It is a pedagogical instrument developed by the educational community. This project seeks to respond to the needs found in the diagnosis.
  • Center curricular project (PCC). Its function is to define educational strategies. It is a didactic plan that guides the teaching work.
  • Improvement plan. It proposes actions to optimize services and educational quality.
  • classroom participatory plan (PPA). It is prepared by the teacher and guides their teaching work, it is developed with the students during the school period.
  • risk management plan (PGR). Its purpose is to reduce and prevent disasters in the academic environment.
  • Leveling Plan. It is a tool that the teacher plans to compensate the learning of a student who is behind.

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