What is plasterboard? – Function, types and technical specifications of this material

The plasterboard is a very versatile material and offers numerous advantages over other construction materials, such as its low cost, its ease of installation and its ability to improve the thermal insulation of buildings. In this article, we will explore in depth what plasterboard is, its main types and technical specifications, and how it is used in the field of construction technology.

Concept and meaning of plasterboard under construction

The plasterboard, also known as laminated plaster or plasterboard. This is a construction material that is made up of a gypsum core that is covered by two layers of cardboard, which gives it great resistance and flexibility.

This material has become popular in construction thanks to its ease of installation and its low cost compared to other materials. In addition, it offers advantages such as good acoustic and thermal insulation capacity, and a wide variety of designs and finishes.

The plasterboard is very used in house construction, this is placed in offices and commercial buildings, both in new structures and in reforms and rehabilitations. Its versatility and ease of use make it a very practical and functional option for creating interior spaces in any type of construction project.

What is the plasterboard for?

Pladur has multiple applications in construction, and is mainly used to create a interior walls, partitions and ceilings. Among the main functions of plasterboard are:

  • Separate spaces: Pladur is used to create partitions and dividing walls that allow separating and delimiting spaces inside a home or building.

  • Thermal and acoustic insulation: Pladur has the capacity for thermal and acoustic insulation, which makes it an excellent option for reducing noise and maintaining an adequate temperature inside spaces.

  • Decor: Pladur offers a wide variety of designs and finishes, which makes it an ideal material for interior decoration. It can be used to create shelves, moldings, furniture, among others.

  • Specific solutions: Pladur is also used to solve specific construction problems, such as humidity on the walls, the creation of false ceilings or the installation of lighting systems.

What kind of material is plasterboard?

Pladur is a construction material composed of a gypsum core covered by two layers of cardboard, which makes it a laminated material. This laminated structure gives drywall a unique combination of properties, such as lightness, strength, durability, and ease of handling and transportation. Furthermore, plasterboard can be produced in different thicknesses and with different treatmentssuch as waterproof plasterboard or fireproof plasterboard, to adapt to different construction needs.

What are the characteristics of plasterboard?

Pladur is a construction material that has several remarkable characteristics that make it very attractive in the world of construction. Its main advantage is its lightness, which makes it easy to handle and transport. In addition, thanks to its two layers of cardboard that protect its core of plaster, it is a material strong and durable.

Pladur is also very versatile, which means that it can be used for a wide range of applications in construction, from the creation of partitions and walls to interior decoration.

In addition, it is a good soundproofing material, making it a popular choice for reducing noise indoors, and it also has good thermal insulation properties, helping to maintain a nice tempeture inside the spaces.

Another important advantage of plasterboard is that it is easy to install, which reduces costs and construction times. There is also a variety of waterproof plasterboard, Resistant to moisture and waterwhich makes it ideal for use in bathrooms and kitchens.

It is important to note that there are different types of plasterboard depending on their specific characteristics, so it is important to know the technical specifications of each one to choose the right one for each project.

Pladur is widely used in interior construction, both in homes and in commercial and office buildings. It is used to create partitions, walls and ceilings, and also for interior decoration. In many cases, plasterboard is used as cheaper and faster alternative to other construction materials, such as brick or concrete, without sacrificing quality and resistance.

He installation cost Drywall can vary widely depending on the size and complexity of the project, as well as the geographic region in which it is installed and the labor used.

However, as a rough reference, a cost of between 25 and 40 euros per square meter drywall installation, including materials and labor.

It is important to note that this cost can vary depending on various factors, such as the type of plasterboard used (standard or waterproof), the design complexity and the amount of work required to prepare the surface prior to installation.

How thick is the plasterboard?

Pladur is produced in different thicknesses, which can vary from 6 to 25 millimeters, depending on the application for which it will be used. The most commonly used thickness is 12.5mmwhich is used for most applications, including the creation of partitions and interior walls.

However, for projects that require a greater resistance, such as ceilings and supporting structures, thicker plasterboard panels can be used. It is important to bear in mind that the thickness of the plasterboard to be used will depend on the specific project and its technical needs.

What are the disadvantages of using plasterboard in construction?

Although plasterboard is a very versatile and functional construction material that offers many advantages, like any other material, it also has some disadvantages to consider.

First of all, although plasterboard is resistant to most loads and is capable of supporting a large amount of weight, it is not so resistant like other heavier construction materials, such as brick or concrete. Therefore, it is not suitable for projects that require greater strength or durability.

Second, drywall can be moisture sensitive, which can affect its strength and durability. For this reason, it is important to use waterproof plasterboard panels in wet areas, such as bathrooms or kitchens, to avoid moisture and mold problems.

Third, although drywall is relatively easy to install and operate, it requires some skill and technical knowledge to install. If it is not installed correctly, it may cause problems such as cracks or detachmentswhich can affect the strength and durability of the drywall.

Although plasterboard is a cheap material compared to other construction materials, such as brick or concrete, its price may be higher than that of other similar materials, such as plywood.

It is important to mention that the choice of the appropriate construction material will depend largely on project type measure being carried out and its specific needs. It is possible that for some projects plasterboard is the most appropriate option, while for others it is not.

Finally, although plain plasterboard is fire resistant, does not have the fire retardant characteristic, which means that if exposed to high temperatures for a long period of time, it can become deformed or even disintegrate. For this reason, if a fire retardant material is required for the project in question, it is necessary to use a fireproof plasterboard or a different building material.

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